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Careers in Climatology - What and why?

Interview with Dr. Abirami Ponnusamy

Upcoming Deadlines

Puzzle Corner


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Dear Reader,

Welcome to the official newsletter of www.allcareerguru.com (ACG).

ACG is an initiative of experienced professionals, from both academia and industry, working on cutting edge technologies, with the goal of helping students (in high school and college) towards careers (even unconventional ones) driven by their passions, by providing necessary guidance, mentors and tools.

Apart from our usual columns -- an interview (with a doctor who went all the way from Kancheepuram to Rajasthan for her MD) and the puzzle, we have two new entries. As it is that time of the year, we have listed the upcoming deadlines for university and college entrance exams and scholarships. We also have a new column from Prof Balaji Rajagopalan, an expert on climate and monsoons who will walk us through various elements of environment and climate, the required skill sets and career options!

Editor




Careers in Climatology - What and Why ?

"Everyone complains about the weather, but nobody ever seems to do anything about it."
Attributed to a famous weatherman, Willard Scott.

In this age, we can do something. Of course, I do not mean that we can produce the weather we desire, although, we, humans contribute to creating the destructive weather we do not want through our actions. So, what can we do? With modern tools and information we can do a lot on multiple fronts - (i) understand the weather in our region much better, (ii) obtain real time information about the developing weather from ground observations, satellite and models - all in our palms and (iii) plan and make decisions that mitigate risks and impacts of potential extreme weather.

Each year during the first week of June, almost like clockwork, the southwest monsoon over the coast of Kerala and advances to the foothills of the Himalayas through early July. The rains bring life to the Indian sub-continent for they come after scorching heat during March to May, and thus orchestrates the blooming of vegetation, crops and replenishes the parched landscape. Hence, it captures our imagination and memorialized in our culture, folklore and religion. We all have our own monsoon stories such as the first time as little kids we made paper boats and let it float in the puddled monsoon rains - and others. Of course, too much of it brings floods and too little, droughts. This uneven distribution of rainfall from year to year and from place to place, over India makes it challenging to, sustainably manage our resources - water, agriculture, economic and public health.

Similarly like clockwork, the monsoon starts its retreat from the Indian subcontinent back to the oceans, from whence it came, starting early October. It is during this retreat, October to December, when the northeast monsoon begins, life in Chennai and other parts of South East India - Tamil Nadu and coastal Andhra Pradesh - gets on edge. Rain systems develop in western Indonesia and eastern Bay of Bengal and they wander their way towards Tamil Nadu and Andhra coast and interiors. Where do these systems land?, how much rain do they bring? For how long? What will be the flooding impact? Should I evacuate home? When should I leave? These are all questions that people have during this period, more so when the systems are spotted in the Bay of Bengal.

Click here to read more.
"In this multi part column, I will explain these concepts and discuss about the institutions in the country and the world specialising in these areas."



Interview with Dr. Abirami Ponnusamy

Dr. Abirami shares her journey from Meenakshi Medical College, Kanchipuram to Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur for her MD in Anaesthesiology. She shares her journey including details of why Jaipur for MD? Along the way, she mentions about a unique Master's program at IIT Kharagpur in the field of medicine. What follows is an excerpt of her interview with ACG (All Career Guru) team.
Full interview can be seen at here

ACG: Was medicine always your passion?

A: I was interested in many things, such as mathematics, biomedical engineering, literature, journalism, and yes, in medicine too and so with encouragement from my family, I opted medicine. My first group did include Biology. I also attended a BSc. Mathematics class for 15 days, before I got admission for MBBS.

ACG: Why all the way to Jaipur for MD?

A: My first idea was to get out of Tamil Nadu, a comfortable place for me. More than being a doctor, I was an adventurer, wanted to explore new places and get acquainted with other systems. I had many options and I came to know that Sawai Man Singh medical college at Jaipur was one of the biggest hospitals in South East Asia, and I was interested.

ACG: Was that immediately after MBBS?

A: There was a one-year gap to prepare for specialty degree through NEET PG which was a torrential period. With so many specialties to choose from and no single source of guidance, I had to figure this out by reading and talking to people. During this period, I got in to MMST program (3 years Masters in Medical Science & Technology at IIT Kharagpur) through entrance exam. I didn't join the program as I didn't want to miss out clinical experience.

ACG: Tell us about this program at IIT Kharagpur.

A: This is one-of-a-kind program, offered in the country, with entrance qualification being MBBS. This program helps bridge the two disciplines, medicine and technology and provides interdisciplinary teaching. But my interest laid in hospital and clinical environment, so I dropped that idea and started preparing intensely for PG NEET. Clearing that took me to Jaipur.

ACG: What did you specialise in Jaipur?

A: In Jaipur, I did my MD Anesthesiology for 3 years, starting from 2018. Immediately after graduation, I joined as Senior Resident in Cardiac Anesthesiology. The MD period is called junior residence. After MD, one can either go forward with multiple super specialty exams or work as a senior resident and plan the future course accordingly, since, there are a variety of opportunities in either direction. At present, I'm able to explore the field of cardiac anesthesiology with plans to pursue further studies.

ACG: Tell us about the difference between General Anesthetist and Cardiac Anesthetist

Click here to read more.
Dr. Abirami Ponnusamy
"The MD period is called junior residence. After MD, one can either go forward with multiple super specialty exams or work as a senior resident and plan the future course accordingly, since, there are a variety of opportunities in either direction."



"I was interested in many things, such as mathematics, biomedical engineering, literature, journalism, and yes, in medicine too."



"Do a lot of research from reliable sources, read a lot from relevant Facebook forums, ask questions, get career counselling and then decide accordingly."



Upcoming Deadlines

Admission and Entrance Exams

  1. CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2022

    • For 22 national law universities and 40 other institutions, for UG and PG law admissions.
    • Deadline: March 31 2022
    • For more details visit: consortiumofnlus.ac.in/clat-2022
  2. MAT (Management Aptitude Test)

    • For MBA programs in nearly 600 institutions throughout the country.
    • Exam: March 6th to March 13th
    • Eligibility: Any Bachelor's degree, final year students can also write.
    • Deadline: Feb 28 - March 7 depending on the type of exams (online, offline etc)
    • https://mat.aima.in/feb22 for application, www.aima.in for details.
  3. Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) is seeking applications for its diploma, MTech and PhD programs in remote sensing and GIS.

    • Qualifications: Bachelor's or Master's in Physics, Electronics, Mathematics, Computer Science
    • Deadline: March 31 2022
    • For more details visit www.iirs.gov.in
  4. IISc Bangalore is seeking applications for its post-graduate programs including MTech, MDes, MMgt, MSc and PhD programs

Scholarships

  1. Scholarships for PG studies for women in STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering and management) at Strathclyde University in UK

  2. Fullbright Scholarships (2023-2024) for Master's / PhD / post-doctoral work / visit to the US

    • For Students (Master's, PhD), Educators, Researchers
    • Domain: Agriculture, Art, Commerce, Education, Environment, Social Service, Public Health, Science and Technology, Foreign Language.
    • Deadlines: (starting from March) vary according to the program.
    • For more details visit https://www.usief.org.in/



Previous Puzzle - Solution

Previous Puzzle:

There are 100 soldiers standing in a line wearing a red or blue cap. Each one can see the color of the caps of all those standing before them, but nothing else.

A commander starts from the end of the line, asking the color of the cap of each person. The goal is to get a maximum number of right answers. Recall that they can only see the color of the caps of those in front of them, and can hear the answer to the questions of the commander.
All the soldiers together can plan a strategy beforehand. They have no control on what color cap they will get, and they can not see the color of their own caps.

a) Design a strategy so that at least 50 of them will get the right answer.
b) Design a strategy so that at least 99 of them get the right answer.

Previous Puzzle Solution:

Kshitij Sodani, a class X student of Delhi Public School, Gurgaon, has given a correct answer. Congratulations Kshitij, he wins an Amazon voucher of Rs. 500

His answer:

a) the soldier standing at the end of the line will say the color which has higher number of caps in front of him (99 is odd so there can be only 1 color satisfying this). The other 99 soldiers will repeat that colour. This way at least ceil(99/2)=50 of them will get the right answer.

(Another Simpler Solution: A soldier who is at an even position will simply shout the color of the cap of the person just in front of him, and the person in front of him repeats)

(b) The soldier standing at the end of the line will say blue if there is an odd number of people ahead of him wearing blue caps. In the other case he will say red. By hearing the answers to the previous soldiers the soldier i (ith from beginning of line) knows the parity of the number of blue caps in range 1 to i then he can tell the answer since he can know the parity in the range 1 to i-1 by just looking. He will say blue if the two parities are different and red if the two parities are the same. This way the soldiers 1 to 99 are guaranteed to have correct answers.

WINNER



Kshitij Sodani


PUZZLE CORNER

There are 500 prisoners in a prison. The warden has put red mark on the forehead of some of them. They all can see each other once every day, but can not talk to each other, and can not see their own forehead (there is no mirror). The warden says that whoever identifies correctly that their forehead has a red mark, can leave the prison. Any day a prisoner identifies correctly that he is marked he can leave. All of them are logicians and so can make logical deductions.

1. Suppose that 25 of them have been placed red mark on their forehead, and the warden announces this number to all of them. How many days are needed for (the 25 of) them to identify correctly and how?

2. Suppose only one of them has been placed red mark, and the warden announces that at least one of them has been placed red mark, how any days are needed for the one with the red mark to identify correctly and how?

3. Suppose that 25 of them have been placed red mark on their forehead, and the warden announces that at least one of them has been placed a red mark, then in how many days can they all find out, and how?

Send your correct answers latest by midnight of 15th March 2022 for lucky draw on 16th March 2022 for selecting the winner

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