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What's Inside

Career Opportunities in English and Social Sciences

Indian Summer Monsoon

Paths to success through 21st century skills

"21 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டின் திறன்கள் மூலம் வெற்றிக்கான பாதைகள்"

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Dear Reader,

Welcome to the third issue of the official newsletter of allcareerguru.com.

In this issue, we have our usual pieces including

  • a puzzle, and
  • interview with a person who has successfully chosen an out of ordinary path. ACG interviews Ms Kaveri Murthy who explains the myriad of opportunities in English and Social Sciences.

We continue the columns we started last time including

  • upcoming entrance and scholarship deadlines, and
  • the one by Prof Balaji Rajagopalan on careers in Climatology. He discusses the Indian summer monsoon in this issue.

We are also starting a new column on 21st century skills for a successful career and life. We hope that you enjoy and benefit from all these columns. Please send your feedback and answers to the puzzle, as always to info@newsletter.com

Editor




Career Opportunities in English and Social Sciences

Meet Ms Kaveri Murthy, who is a successful higher secondary school teacher in a Chennai school after her Master's in Social Sciences and Bachelor's in English. She explains the myriad of career opportunities for someone specialising in English and Social sciences.

In this interview, Ms Kaveri Murthy explains how she had to choose between specialising in English versus Mathematics, and why she chose English for her Bachelor's.

During the journey to her career, she explains why the institution you study is more important than the specialisation you pursue. Along the way, she also tells us about a top institute for social sciences, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and the programs offered there, and the career opportunities for social sciences.

ACG: Tell us about your interests, career plans (if any) and the thought process during your tenth and later at twelfth standard that let you choose the path what you did.

Kaveri: During the tenth standard, I was interested in a lot of subjects including English, Environmental sciences, Mathematics and sciences. That led me to choose Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry for my plus two specialisation. In those two years, I realised that I was hating Chemistry, Physics was interesting but not much, and my interests in Mathematics and English solidified. I was a school topper in both the subjects.

ACG: What led you to specialise in English for your Bachelor's?

Kaveri: All along, Engineering was not in my radar of careers, the toss-up was between specialising in some sciences to become a scientist or to specialise in English. After twelfth the choice, based on my interest, narrowed down to English or Mathematics.

If I wanted to pursue Mathematics, I felt that if I was not pursuing it in one of the top places (i.e. if I didn't have good teachers), I wasn’t confident that I would be competent to pursue it. On the other hand, my interest in English was that I was confident that I would be competent and could sustain my interest regardless of the institution, and hence I chose English.

Madras Christian College (MCC) was one of the top places for English and so I landed up there.

Click here to read more.


Kaveri Murthy

Meet Ms Kaveri Murthy, who is a successful higher secondary school teacher in a Chennai school.

She explains the myriad of career opportunities for someone specialising in English and Social sciences.

Kaveri Murthy has :

an M.A. in Women Studies from TISS, Mumbai,

an M.A. in English Studies from the University of Hyderabad, and

a B.A. in English Language and Literature from Madras Christian College



Indian Summer Monsoon

Basics: Indian subcontinent receives most of its rainfall during Boreal summer – i.e. June to September, referred as the Indian summer monsoon. The word monsoon is derived from the Arabic "mausim", meaning "seasonal reversal of winds". Wind reversals happen on a daily time scale in coastal regions around the world due to the contrasting heating and cooling capability of land and the sea or ocean. Land heats and cools faster relative to the oceans, as oceans have higher thermal capacity (i.e. ability to store and release heat). During daytime land gets hotter faster and air rises and cooler air from the sea fills its place, thus cooler evenings on the beach. At night, land cools while the sea is still warm from the daytime heating. This is shown in the schematic figure on the right. If such a reversal of wind happens over a season and over a large scale, it results in monsoon.

As you can recognize from the schematic, for reversal of wind a significant amount of landmass and ocean should be present in warm region. Around the world, the only region with the right amount of land and ocean is the tropics (i.e. conducive for warming) and consequently leading to large scale wind reversal is the Indian subcontinent and the Northern Indian Ocean region. Together they have the right amount of land and water which leads to 180 degree shift in the winds between summer (June – Sep) and winter (Oct – Dec), as seen in the schematic above. Thus, in the pantheon of global climate, Indian Monsoon occupies a unique place in terms of its robustness, reliability and large scale signature.

Click here to read more.


Prof. Balaji Rajagopalan is the chair of the Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA. He has a wide range of research interests from Indian monsoons to water resources and has supervised several PhD students and co-authored many articles in these areas in reputed journals. He is also a fellow of the prestigious American Geophysical union.

In this column, Prof Balaji Rajagopalan continues his discussion on Indian monsoon, en route to highlighting the background and prospects for a career in Climatology.




Paths to success through 21st century skills

I applied for a new job that matches my skills, but will I get the job?

I applied for a job that has 10 vacancies where 1000+ people applied for the same position. What are my chances of getting this job? How do I show difference in my performance to prove I'm more suitable for the job compared to others?

Here are the key traits that an employer looks for in a candidate, and most of the time, these traits are the deciding factors. These are skills not just to get a job, but to sustain in it, and even better to navigate through various steps in personal and professional life.

In this column steered by Raja N., we demystify what an employer looks for in a candidate while hiring - though applicable for both freshers and experienced, these are extremely critical for a fresher, as the technical skills expected is low at that stage. Developing these skills will definitely put you ahead in the race, for almost all kinds of roles you interview.

In this first edition of "Paths to success through 21st century skills" column, Mr. Rengan succinctly outlines those key skills. In our subsequent editions, we will dive deeper into each of these skills in more detail. These skills are not something which can be learnt in a crash course, but needs to be developed over a period of time in a transformational way.

According to researchers, the following are the key skills to succeed for a student/youth:

  1. To know about yourself...EXPLORE THE YOU WITHIN YOU
  2. Communication skills
  3. Interpersonal skills & Team spirit
  4. Emotional intelligence
  5. To think differently
  6. Decision making
  7. Problem solving
  8. Stress management
  9. Time management
  10. Language proficiency

Stay tuned for more in the next edition...

Mr. G. Rengan is a prominent motivational speaker and a columnist at various publications. He retired as AGM with Indian Overseas Bank prior to founding - ABCD Academy (Attitude, Behaviour, Competency Development) for Leadership & Management skills.

grengan@gmail.com

www.abcdacademy.in




"21 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டின் திறன்கள் மூலம் வெற்றிக்கான பாதைகள்"

எனது திறமைக்கு ஏற்ற புதிய வேலைக்கு விண்ணப்பித்தேன், ஆனால் எனக்கு வேலை கிடைக்குமா?

நான் 10 காலியிடங்களைக் கொண்ட ஒரு வேலைக்கு விண்ணப்பித்தேன், அதே பதவிக்கு 1000+ பேர் விண்ணப்பித்துள்ளனர். இந்த வேலையைப் பெறுவதற்கான எனது வாய்ப்புகள் என்ன? மற்றவர்களை விட நான் வேலைக்கு மிகவும் பொருத்தமானவன் என்பதை நிரூபிக்க நான் ஒரு வித்தியாசமாக ஏதாவது செய்ய வேண்டும். ஆனால் எப்படி?

வேலை வழங்குபவர் ஒரு விண்ணப்பதாரரிடம் கவனிக்கும் முக்கிய பண்புகள் இங்கே உள்ளன, பெரும்பாலான நேரங்களில் இவையே தீர்மானிக்கும் காரணிகளாகும். இவை ஒரு வேலையைப் பெறுவதற்கு மட்டுமல்ல, அதைத் தக்க வைத்துக் கொள்வதற்கும், தனிப்பட்ட மற்றும் தொழில் வாழ்க்கையில் பல்வேறு படிகளில் செல்லவும் சிறந்த திறன்கள். இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், பணியமர்த்தும்போது ஒரு வேலையளிப்பவர் ஒரு விண்ணப்பதாரரிடம் என்ன எதிர்பார்க்கிறார் என்பதை நாங்கள் புரிய வைக்க போகிறோம் - புதியவர்கள் மற்றும் அனுபவம் வாய்ந்தவர்கள் இருவருக்கும் பொருந்தும் என்றாலும், புதியவர்களுக்கு இது மிகவும் முக்கியமானது, ஏனெனில் அந்த கட்டத்தில் எதிர்பார்க்கப்படும் தொழில்நுட்ப திறன்கள் குறைவாக இருக்கும். இந்தத் திறன்களை வளர்த்துக்கொள்வது, நீங்கள் அனைத்து நேர்காணல்களிலும் எந்த வகையான பாத்திரங்களுக்கும் உங்களை பந்தயத்தில் நிச்சயமாக முன்னிலையில் வைக்கும்.

"21 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டின் திறன்கள் மூலம் வெற்றிக்கான பாதைகள்" கட்டுரை தொகுப்பின் முதல் பதிப்பில், திரு. ரெங்கன் அந்த முக்கிய திறன்களை சுருக்கமாக கோடிட்டுக் காட்டுகிறார். எங்கள் அடுத்தடுத்த பதிப்புகளில், இந்தத் திறன்கள் ஒவ்வொன்றையும் இன்னும் விரிவாகப் பார்ப்போம். இந்த திறன்கள் ஒரு குறுகிய காலத்தில் கற்றுக் கொள்ளக்கூடியவை அல்ல, நீண்ட கால உழைப்பும் புதிய முறையும் தேவைப்படும்.

ஆளுமை / வாழ்க்கை திறன்கள..........

மாணவர்கள்/இளைஞர்கள் வாழ்க்கையில் வெற்றிபெற அடி ப்படை ஆளுமை திறன்களைவளர்த்துக்கொள்ள வேண்டும் என உலக ஆராய்ச்சியாளர்கள் கூறுகின்றனர். அவை:

  • தன்னைத்தானே அறிதல்
  • தகவல் தொடர்பாற்றல்
  • பிறருடன் உறவு கொள்ளும் / புரிந்து கொள்ளும் திறன்.....
  • உணர்ச்சிகளை கையாளும் திறன்
  • மாறுபட்டு சிந்திக்கும் திறமை
  • முடிவெடுக்கும் திறமை
  • பிரச்னைகளை தீர்க்கும் திறன்
  • மன அழுத்த மேலாண்மை
  • நேரத்தைக் கையாளும் திறன்
  • இவைகளுடன் மொழி ஆளுமை

மொழிபெயர்ப்பு: திருமலை வீராசாமி

திரு. ஜி. ரெங்கன் ஒரு முக்கிய ஊக்கமளிக்கும் பேச்சாளர் மற்றும் கட்டுரையாளராக பல்வேறு வெளியீடுகளில் பணியாற்றி இருக்கிறார். தலைமைத்துவம் மற்றும் மேலாண்மைத் திறன்களுக்காக ஏபிசிடி அகாடமி (அணுகுமுறை, நடத்தை, திறன் மேம்பாடு) நிறுவப்படுவதற்கு முன்பு அவர் இந்தியன் ஓவர்சீஸ் வங்கியில் AGM ஆக ஓய்வு பெற்றார்.

grengan@gmail.com

www.abcdacademy.in




Upcoming Deadlines

Admission and Entrance Exams

  1. CUET (Central University Entrance Test)

    UGC (University Grants Commission) has announced that a new entrance test called CUET (Central University Entrance Test) will be administered by NTA (National Testing Agency) for admissions to undergraduate and postgraduate programs (BSc, BA, BCom, MSc, ...) in Central Universities. There are 45 central universities all over the country, including the one in Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu (CUTN). UGC has also recommended other universities to use CUET marks for entrances. The registration for the test goes on from April 6th to May 6th and the test (conducted in several languages including English, Tamil, Hindi, Telugu, ...) is expected to be in July. For more details, see https://cuet.samarth.ac.in

  2. The JEE Mains 2022 examination Session 1

    The National Testing Agency (NTA) has revised the test dates for JEE Main 2022. The JEE Mains 2022 examination Session 1 will take place on April 21, 24, 25, 29, May 1, 4, 2022. Session 2 exam dates are May 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29, 2022. On the official website the amended schedule for JEE Mains 2022 is available, and candidates may review it there. For more details visit: https://jeemain.nta.nic.in/

  3. NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST [ NEET (UG) – 2022]

    NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST [ NEET (UG) – 2022] will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) on Sunday, the 17 July 2022 in Pen and Paper mode in 13 languages, as a uniform entrance examination for admission to MBBS/BDS/BAMS/BSMS/BUMS/BHMS and other undergraduate medical courses in approved/recognized Medical/Dental /AYUSH and other Colleges/ Deemed Universities /Institutes (AIIMS & JIPMER) in India. The languages in which the NEET (UG) 2022 would be conducted are: English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. For more details visit: https://neet.nta.nic.in/




Previous Puzzle - Solution

Previous Puzzle:

There are 500 prisoners in a prison. The warden has put red mark on the forehead of some of them. They all can see each other once every day, but can not talk to each other, and can not see their own forehead (there is no mirror). The warden says that whoever identifies correctly that their forehead has a red mark, can leave the prison. Any day a prisoner identifies correctly that he is marked he can leave. All of them are logicians and so can make logical deductions.

1. Suppose that 25 of them have been placed red mark on their forehead, and the warden announces this number to all of them. How many days are needed for (the 25 of) them to identify correctly and how?

One day. As all of them get to see all others, they can count how many of them have red marks on their forehead, and those who count 24 can identify that they have a red mark on their forehead and can announce correctly and leave.

2. Suppose only one of them has been placed red mark, and the warden announces that at least one of them has been placed red mark, how any days are needed for the one with the red mark to identify correctly and how?

One day. The person who has a red mark will notice that no one else has, and so will know that (s)he has a red mark (as the warden has announced at least one), and so will correctly identify and leave. Note that others (who see at least one person with a red mark) cannot clearly identify whether they have a red mark on their forehead as the warden has said only "at least one".

3. Suppose that 25 of them have been placed red mark on their forehead, and the warden announces that at least one of them has been placed a red mark, then in how many days can they all find out, and how?

If only one of them has been placed red mark, then that person will identify and leave on day one, according to the solution to question 2. So, if on the second day, nobody has left then all of them can identify that at least two have red marks. If it is exactly two, then by the same argument, the two can identify and leave on the second day.

Continuing this argument, if nobody has left after the second day, then they all know that at least three have red marks. In general, if there are i persons having red marks, then i of them can identify that they are marked on the ith day. Hence, in 25 days, they all can identify and leave.



PUZZLE CORNER

A building has 100 floors. One of the floors is the lowest floor from which when an egg is dropped it breaks and the goal of this puzzle is to find that floor.

If the egg is dropped from any floor below, it will be undamaged and you can drop the egg again. If an egg is dropped from that floor or from a floor above, it will break.

Given two eggs, what is the method to find the highest floor an egg can be dropped from without breaking, with as few drops as possible. How many drops does your method use?

Send your correct answers latest by midnight of 20th May 2022 for lucky draw on 21st May 2022 for selecting the winner

Send your answer to the puzzle,
comments and other suggestions to

newsletter@allcareerguru.com
We would love to hear from you.

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